Category Archives: Lager

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition – $2.99

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition by Mark Dredge

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A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition


Also Consider: The Homebrewer’s Library – Selection of Homebrewing and Craft Beer Books


Review: Barebottle Brewing Company Torcido Lager – Homebrew Recipe Kit

This review is by Homebrew Finds Contributor Brad Probert.  Brad is an engineer, expert homebrewer and experienced reviewer.  Grab a link to Brad’s website at the end of this review.

Torcido Lager is a Mexican Lager. Sort of. I don’t know much about the style definition of a Mexican Lager, but MoreBeer’s site describes the recipe creation from Barebottle Brewing (San Francisco, CA) as non-traditional. Apparently, Barebottle likes mixing things up, so they describe this beer as a Mexican Pilsner with a German Helles twist. For Barebottle, this beer scored a Gold in the 2019 GABF, so crazy description aside, I figured the beer had some cred behind it.


Get Pricing & Check Availability, Review Continues Below:


Unboxing and Kit Inventory

I ordered un-milled grains, as I like to have control of the grain crush. The malts were packaged in pre-measured bags, with Viking Pilsner Malt, Weyerman CaraHell, and some flaked maize. The hops came in light-proof, thick bags, where the hops were nitrogen flushed before bagging. In addition to the pellet hops, there was a Kick Carrageenan tablet- a clarifier used in the boil kettle. The recipe kits from MoreBeer don’t come with a specific yeast, instead they give you a list of yeast recommendations from some of the different yeast vendors they carry (White Labs, Wyeast, Omega, and Fermentis Dry). Following the style-bucking trend of the recipe creator, MoreBeer suggested I try a Cellar Science dry yeast called Berlin. In addition to the ingredients, there was a recipe card with basic brewing directions, a cut-out shape to go with the MoreBeer custom tap handle, and a sheet of basic brewing process tips.

Berlin Yeast

As I had plans to do a fermentation side-by-side experiment, I actually brewed this with two recipe kits combined into one batch to make a single ~11-gallon batch to split between two fermentors. This was easily managed in my 15-gallon kettles

Brew Day

Full Kettle Rolling Boil

The recipe directions were very general. For example, they gave mash temperature, but didn’t specify a mash time. For seasoned brewers, this is a welcome flexibility, since we all have our particular opinions on certain process details. For newbies, this might mean a little outside research is required, which could be a good learning experience anyway. The recipe called for a 148F mash. My previous experience led me to mash for 75 minutes at that lower mash temperature, and I always finish every mash with a 10-minute rest at 168F. I adjusted water with brewing salts to match Brewfather’s “Pilsen (Light Lager)” water profile and lactic acid to adjust the pH. I ended up with a measured pH of 5.57 in the mash, higher than the 5.3 I was targeting. I then did a 60-minute boil, where I added the hops as per the schedule. I added the Kick Carrageenan tablet with 5 minutes left in the boil. Same as last time I used this clarifying tablet, long strings of things formed in the kettle that I don’t normally see with my Irish Moss. I hit an Original Gravity of 1.044, with a slightly higher mash efficiency than I expected.

Fermentation

Direct Pitching the Dry Yeast

After the wort was chilled post-boil, I filled two FermZilla All Rounder fermentorsHands on Review, alternating the flow back and forth between the two fermentors until they were both at equal volume of about 5.4 gallons in each. I’ve only fermented with dry yeast one other time over several years of brewing. I’ve read about the ideal process of rehydrating the yeast before pitching. But digging into the details of this, that was a lot more headache than I wanted to entertain, so I just pitched the yeast into each fermentor straight from the pack. I used 2 packs in each fermentor, to ensure I had a good pitch. Since one pack is intended to inoculate a full 5-6 gallon batch, I definitely had sufficient yeast cell count.

Oxygenating the Wort After Split into Two Fermentors

The first batch I fermented at typical cool lager temperatures using a Cool Zone Brewing stretchy Velcro cooling manifold on the outside of the fermentor. I started this one off at 55F and held there for 5 days, allowing CO2 to escape through a blowoff tube. I then gradually bumped up the temperature by about 2 degrees whenever I saw the SG rate start to slow, as I monitored gravity continually with a Tilt. The gravity drop really slowed after about 12 days but kept slowly dropping so I let it finish out at 64F. It stayed in the fermentor until 20 days, reaching a FG of 1.012 (4.2% ABV), or 72% apparent attenuation. I moved the whole fermentor into my beer fridge to cold crash. After 3 days in the 35F fridge, I pushed it into a purged keg using bottled CO2 for a closed transfer, then hooked it up to CO2 for ‘set it & forget it’ carbonation.

Cold Crashing Fermentor in Fridge

The second fermentor I left sitting in my basement without any temperature control. Out of my counterflow chiller, the wort started at 62F in the fermentor. I left the spunding valve open for the first 24 hours to give the yeast a chance to get started, then I closed down the spunding valve to build pressure. Keeping an eye on the pressure, it climbed about 1.5 psi every hour. Once it reached 14 psi after 10 hours, I adjusted the spunding valve to regulate there. With cool basement temperatures, it stayed at 62F and 14 psi for 3 more days. As gravity drop started to slow, I raised the temperature over the next 3 days until I reached 72F. At that point, I left things at 72F and 14psi as gravity continued to drop very slowly. Finally, 23 days after my initial yeast pitch, gravity had been stable long enough and I moved the whole fermentor into my beer fridge to cold crash. It reached a lower FG than my cold-fermented sample, measuring a FG of 1.009 (4.6% ABV), or 79% apparent attenuation. After 3 days in the 35F fridge, I pushed it into a purged keg using bottled CO2 for a closed transfer, then hooked it up to CO2 for ‘set it & forget it’ carbonation.

Initial Impressions

I’ll first share my impressions about the beer overall, then I’ll get into the comparison of the split batch. The beer came out really well. I wasn’t sure what a German Helles/Mexican Lager would taste like, and I’ll admit I was skeptical about both the flaked maize and dry yeast. But I found the distinct contribution from the flaked maize of a light sweet aroma as well as mild sweetness in the initial taste made it super inviting. And the yeast stayed out of the way from a flavor contribution, other than it maybe tweaked the sweetness a bit, which worked well with the small bite from the Crystal and Saaz hops. It was flavorful and easy drinking. With the ABV 4.2 – 4.6%, it made a great session beer.

Pressure vs Cold

The point of this side by side test was to see how a beer fermented in the recommended cold range and not under pressure, compared to a beer fermented warmer that was under pressure. The concept/question being, can your lager turn out just as good, even if you’re fermenting at room temperature and not messing around with trying to keep it cool during fermentation?

I’d done a bit of online research, plus a few split batch experiments with fermenting under pressure previously, so I knew enough to have a plan for how to handle this batch. I followed my process goal of not doing any wort cooling, but the pressure ferment batch started out pretty cool. I would guess that had I been fermenting under pressure at 72F instead of 62F, I would have gotten different results. But this did meet a recommendation from a yeast manufacturer that for best results on pressurized fermentation you should try to start fermentation at least at the top end of the recommended temperature range (Berlin yeast recommended range of 54-62F). Those disclaimers out of the way, I could detect a notable difference when the beer was very young, after ~1 week in the keg. At that point, the cold fermented beer had a great aroma and sweet taste of the maize, whereas the pressure fermented beer had an astringent aftertaste.

Fermentors Filled and Yeast Pitched

When I tasted again at 4 weeks lagering, I could still detect those flavor trends, but both were less pronounced. In my blind tastings for myself, I was able to distinguish the beers, typically due to the slight astringency in the pressure fermented beer. I poured 2 samples of each into opaque cups, then randomly shuffled the cups and selected 3 of the 4 cups for tasting. I then determined which 2 cups were the same beer, and which was the odd beer out. I also did the same blind tasting process with some neighbors. Altogether, out of the 9 tasters, 6 were able to separate the beers, as summarized below.

Pressure Ferment After Reaching 14 psiBeers 21 Days After Kegging

Blind Tasting

9 Blind Tastings

  • 3 Could not identify
  • 6 Could identify
    • 4 Preferred cold-fermented
    • 1 Preferred pressure-fermented
    • 1 No preference

Custom Tap Handle and Included Insert

Custom Tap Handle for Recipe Card Insert or Chalk Writing on Blank Inserts.  Note: All MoreBeer recipe kits include a free insert that works with this tap handle.

Tap Handle with Included Professionally designed insert

Conclusions

The recipe kit was made up of good quality ingredients, as the clean taste of the finished lager attested to. I learned that maize could be an ingredient used with intention for flavor and is not just a cheap malt substitute. I also found the Cellar Science Berlin dry yeast to be a clean lager yeast with nice flavor contributions without the baggage of diacetyl or sulphur. And my pressurized fermentation experiment showed me that you can get pretty close in flavor without using fermentation cooling equipment, but cold fermentation still provided a better character overall.

Related, Review (LOTS More Info) Continues Below:

Fermentation Data Plots

Fermentation Plots using TILT Bluetooth HydrometerHands on Review

Pressure Ferment Fermentation PlotPressure Build at Start of Pressure FermentComparison- Cold vs Pressure Ferment

More Photos

Cooling Jacket Velcro’d Around One FermentorAppx 0.2 Gallons Yeast Sludge After Cold CrashKick TabletsFlaked CornWeyermann CaraHell Viking PIlsner MaltCrystal HopsSaaz Hops

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Special Thanks to MoreBeer for providing the kit used for evaluation in this review.

By Brad Probert.  Check out Brad’s website – beersnobby.com

review:b3torcido tag:tpr

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition by Mark Dredge

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition


Also Consider: The Homebrewer’s Library – Selection of Homebrewing and Craft Beer Books


A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition by Mark Dredge

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition


Also Consider: The Homebrewer’s Library – Selection of Homebrewing and Craft Beer Books


A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition by Mark Dredge

A Brief History of Lager: 500 Years of the World’s Favourite Beer Kindle Edition


Also Consider: The Homebrewer’s Library – Selection of Homebrewing and Craft Beer Books


Malting co. of Ireland Lager Malt – from 80 cents/lb

Malting co. of Ireland Lager Malt

Malting co. of Ireland Lager Malt.  About, from MoreBeer: “1.7 – 2.1° L Malting co. of Ireland – Lager malt is a light-colored base malt produced from Propino barley. It’s expertly crafted for brewers who wish to produce European-style Lagers and other types of beers. The kernels are uniformly plump and a show a high degree of modification and very low protein. The kilning temperature is in the mid range (88-90 °C) which allows for fine balance between a rich straw colored (1.5 to 2.0 °L) wort and proper enzyme activity.”

As of this posting, MoreBeer is discounting this malt in 1, 3 and 5 lb sizes.  The 5 lb size is $3.99 or about 80 cents per lb.   Shipping to most US addresses is free with a $59 order.  Check product page for current price and availability.

Malting co. of Ireland Lager Malt GR322

Check sale or product page for current availability & pricing

What’s going on at MoreBeer Today?  Today’s Deal of the Day | Sale Items

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Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World’s Most Popular Beer Styles

Thanks to HBF Reader Steve for this tip!  [8 Ways to Connect with HBF]

Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World's Most Popular Beer Styles

Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World’s Most Popular Beer Styles by Dave Carpenter

“The world of lagers contains many of the world’s most delicious and beguiling beers. Dave Carpenter dives into this world with gusto, verve, and precision.”  —Garrett Oliver, Brewmaster, The Brooklyn Brewery, Editor-in-Chief, The Oxford Companion to Beer

More Info

From the book description:

Lagers are being reinvented in the United States and abroad as intrepid breweries are rediscovering the joys of colder fermentation and pushing lagers well beyond the realm of pilsner. Lager offers a complete tasting guide to the full spectrum of lager styles, from Munich Helles and Festbier to California Common and Baltic Porter. Taste along and find your new favorite lager! This book also answers such historical and contextual questions as:

  • Why does lager, not ale, dominate world beer production, despite its comparative difficulty to produce?
  • Why are certain European styles like Vienna lager more associated with brewing in Mexico than on the Continent?
  • What does St. Louis have to do with Ä?eské BudÄ?jovice?
  • What role does lager play in today’s expanding craft beer landscape?
  • For homebrewers, Lager includes key brewing considerations as well as a selection of lager recipes.

 

Update: Since this post was published the price, availability or promotion has changed.  Check the product page for current description, price and availability.  Also: Today’s Deals on Amazon

Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World’s Most Popular Beer Styles

Also Consider: The Homebrewer’s Library – Selection of Homebrewing and Craft Beer Book

Lager in Hardcover

Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World's Most Popular Beer Styles

Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World’s Most Popular Beer Styles by Dave Carpenter

“The world of lagers contains many of the world’s most delicious and beguiling beers. Dave Carpenter dives into this world with gusto, verve, and precision.”  —Garrett Oliver, Brewmaster, The Brooklyn Brewery, Editor-in-Chief, The Oxford Companion to Beer

More Info

From the book description:

Lagers are being reinvented in the United States and abroad as intrepid breweries are rediscovering the joys of colder fermentation and pushing lagers well beyond the realm of pilsner. Lager offers a complete tasting guide to the full spectrum of lager styles, from Munich Helles and Festbier to California Common and Baltic Porter. Taste along and find your new favorite lager! This book also answers such historical and contextual questions as:

  • Why does lager, not ale, dominate world beer production, despite its comparative difficulty to produce?
  • Why are certain European styles like Vienna lager more associated with brewing in Mexico than on the Continent?
  • What does St. Louis have to do with Ä?eské BudÄ?jovice?
  • What role does lager play in today’s expanding craft beer landscape?
  • For homebrewers, Lager includes key brewing considerations as well as a selection of lager recipes.

 

Update: Since this post was published the price, availability or promotion has changed.  Check the product page for current description, price and availability.  Also: Today’s Deals on Amazon

Lager: The Definitive Guide to Tasting and Brewing the World’s Most Popular Beer Styles

Also Consider: The Homebrewer’s Library – Selection of Homebrewing and Craft Beer Book

White Labs HP Lager Yeast – $4.99

WLP925 HP Lager Yeast from White Labs

About from MoreBeer… “The new HP Lager strain from White Labs is ideal for fermenting under pressure. When beer is fermented under pressure, it allows for the production of a clean flavor profile, even when fermenting a lager at room temperature. Fermenting under pressure is advantagous in that it reduces ester and fusel alcohol production, reduces or negates the possibility of oxidation, carbonates the beer during fermentation and allows you to ferment warmer than you would otherwise. Check out The Fermentasaurus if you are in the market for an affordable fermentor that holds pressure.”

Product Description – Here – Use coupon code BEERDEAL to get this discount.

Availability: This is a More Beer Deal of the Day. Quantities are limited. Check the Deal of the Day section Here to see if this is still available.

White Labs – HP Lager WLP925 – $6.99  $4.99 + Free Shipping with a $59 order

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Mangrove Jack’s Dry Yeast at William’s Brewing