This review is by Homebrew Finds Contributor Brad Probert. Brad is an engineer, expert homebrewer and experienced reviewer. Grab a link to Brad’s website at the end of this review.
Brew Perfect WiFi Hydrometer
There are people say that you don’t need continuous data logging of gravity of your fermenting beer. I can almost guarantee you those are people that have never done it. By logging, you get access to a lot of information you don’t otherwise have, which allows you to know certain things better.
First is detecting the start of fermentation. If you’re just looking at airlock activity, you don’t know if a lack of activity is a leak somewhere, or the yeast that haven’t started yet. Or maybe your temperature is just a bit too low. By tracking the gravity, you can tell when the actual sugar conversion to alcohol has started.
To determine when fermentation is finished, you could gauge by airlock activity. But I can now tell you confidently that airlock activity goes on well past the point when the gravity is finished dropping. Of course you could take gravity readings and look for 3 days with the same reading. However, what works better is being able to distinguish the flat line after tracking gravity throughout your fermentation. This is a pretty clear signal that’s detectable before that 3 day sampling. Tracking gravity, I can see most of my beers are finished in a matter of days, with the longer ones being maybe just over a week.
The final benefit I’ve seen is that I can tell based on gravity changes when I’m headed toward a stalled/stuck fermentation. There have been multiple occasions where I see a nice steady gravity drop start to slow down and flatten out before I’m near the expected FG. With data logged every 15 minutes, you can see these trends as they’re happening. And then you can react by bumping up the fermentation temperature.
Brew Perfect Gravity Torpedo
The physics that make the Brew Perfect work have to do with buoyancy. There is a heavy cylindrical plastic rod that they call their “gravity torpedo” that dangles down, submerged in your wort. This hangs on fishing line clipped to a loop coming out of the base unit. The buoyancy forces that want to push this up in the wort are proportional to the density of the wort. By measuring the force on the fishing line, the Brew Perfect can estimate the density/gravity of the wort. An important note for those of us that like to do batches less than 5 gallons, is the torpedo has to be completely submerged in the wort in order to get accurate readings. So you need to either match the fermentor size close to your batch size, or figure out some fishing line extensions to let your torpedo hang lower.
The brains of the Brew Perfect is a circuit board tucked in a black plastic housing. This takes the gravity measurements, as well as measure the temperature of the air as it passes through it. The housing is tapered to fit into a bung where an airlock would normally go in your fermentor. Inside the housing is a channel that lets you either connect a blow-off tube or an airlock. There’s a button on the housing that you push as part of programming routines, a micro-USB plug for charging the onboard battery, and an input for an optional temperature sensor. If you purchase the optional temperature sensor, the idea is you slide it down in a thermowell to monitor temperature in the body of your beer rather than the gas coming off of it.
The base unit charging
Hands on Review
To start off, you use the Brew Perfect app and your smartphone to get it synced up and reporting info to the cloud. It does this in a cool way that uses your smartphone screen as a kind of strobe light that talks to a sensor in the main housing. After several unsuccessful attempts, I found I had to really block ALL outside light between my phone screen and the unit to get it to work. The good news is, you only have to do this once.
The logging data gets exported to a Brew Perfect server somewhere using your home WiFi connection. You can then access that data from the app on your smartphone, or after you login to your account on their website. The graphics implementation on the app is snazzy and looks impressive to wow your homebrew buddies, “Yeah, this is my Galaxy Wheat Ale fermenting at home in my basement right now.”
Plot of Gravity Data Through Fermentation and Dry Hopping
I did have a few issues with the data logging, though. The app was setup to a default data log every 10 minutes. The onboard battery was supposed to last 2 weeks at that rate. But I saw the battery life dropping rapidly at a rate that was only going to last a couple days. I found that it was logging data once or twice per minute. Occasionally it would log data every 5 minutes, 10 minutes, or in some cases only every 5 hours. Changing the sample rate in the app didn’t affect this sampling frequency. Luckily the unit works while plugged in to a USB charger, so I plugged it in and let it log away.
I had another issue with the high data sample rate. When looking at the plot of gravity over time, the app defaults to displaying 25 data points. With this plot, it drastically smooths out the data and it becomes difficult to see the subtle changes in gravity you’re looking for. If I switched it over to “All Data”, I could see that detail. However, due to the large amount of data being collected, the plot in the App couldn’t handle it after a few days and the request for all data just blanked everything out. I was able to see all data points through the Brew Perfect website on my computer, though.
I also had a near heart attack at the end of my fermentation. I clicked on the button that said “Finish Brew”. I assumed this would stop logging new data, but keep all of the data I had. However, it wiped everything out and took me back to a default screen allowing me to start a new brew session if I wanted. I couldn’t find my data anywhere on the app. Luckily, I had the brew session up on my computer, and before refreshing anything, I clicked on the button to export the data to .CSV. I was able to get everything up to the last time I had reviewed the data on my laptop, which luckily was pretty much my full brew session. But I definitely recommend exporting your data periodically to .CSV so you don’t accidentally get burned by this.
At the start of fermentation, I saw no activity in my airlock attached to the Brew Perfect unit, even though I could see from the data that fermentation had clearly started hours earlier. The Brew Perfect team said this could be because the two halves of the black plastic housing might be over-tightened (they unscrew for cleaning inside). I tinkered around with this, but could never get my airlock to bubble.
Perhaps related to this unsealed issue, I found the temperature data to really just be a measure of the room temperature in my basement rather than the temperature of the beer in my fermentor. Whether I was below room temperature at the start of fermentation or above it at the end, the Brew Perfect basically just bounced around the room temperature. If you want to record the temperature, it seems the additional probe would be the way to go (although I didn’t test that).
Reviewing the data, I could see that fermentation started quickly (within 7 hours after pitching yeast), and I could see a good steady progression of the gravity dropping. I didn’t have any fermentation stalling, which was good given the several hours of blank spots in my data before I learned I needed to keep it plugged in so as not to drain the battery. As the fermentation was finishing and I was approaching my FG, I started to get a lot of ‘noise’ in the data. The gravity started a sawtooth pattern with swings in gravity of 10 – 15 points over a 6-8 hour time span. This made determining true completion of fermentation difficult to judge. Since it was swinging back and forth around the expected FG, I judged it complete and started adding my dry hops. Checking gravity with my refractometer when transferring to the keg, it confirmed that it was indeed oscillating around the FG.
Continuous data logging of gravity in your fermentor is something I expect will become commonplace in homebrewing. With most new technologies there is a learning curve early adopters have to deal with for the privilege of being on the leading edge. The Brew Perfect hydrometer has some nice features like WiFi connectivity for data logging and a visually pleasant app to view your fermentation. It also has some issues that I tried to capture here and any workarounds I came across so you can judge for yourself if the Brew Perfect is right for you to join the future!
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Special Thanks to Brew Perfect for providing the unit used for evaluation in this review.
By Brad Probert. Check out Brad’s website – beersnobby.com